Despite the efforts deployed, the severity of humanitarian needs in Cameroon keeps growing. More than ten per cent of the population faces food insecurity according to the Cadre Harmonise analysis of April 2021. The situation is particularly precarious in the North-West, South-West, Far North, Littoral and West regions.
The priority needs for the displaced population and the host community in the Far North region are food assistance, access to drinking water and health and providing of shelters. However, the humanitarian response in the region remains insufficient due to lack of funding. If the underfunding is not addressed by the end July 2021, thousands of people in need will not receive any assistance and many humanitarian partners will need to scale down and close operations.
In the North-West and South-West regions, while protection continues to be a major humanitarian concern, access to health and food assistance are critical needs exacerbated by the lack of funding. Insecurity and COVID-19 had a significant impact on the health system. According to the World Health organization (WHO), 25 per cent of health facilities in the two regions are non-functional . In May 2021, almost 800,000 people, representing more than 70 per cent of the people in need, did not receive food assistance, agriculture or livelihood assistance.
The number of Central African refugees located in the eastern regions of Cameroon has increased from 293,000 in December 2020 to more than 323,500 in May 2021. The already vulnarable refugee population is in urgent need of protection services, food, shelter, essential household items, and education. In addition, they need health care supplies and water, sanitation and hygiene services to prevent the spread of diseases.
Despite the magnitude of the humanitarian and protection crises in Cameroon which have escalated in an alarming way during these past years, the country hasn’t received the attention it deserves from the international community. It has been among the most underfunded humanitarian crises worldwide. In 2019, the country had the third least funded Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) worldwide, receiving 44 per cent of the funds requested. In 2020, the country received 50 per cent of the funding requested. As of 31 May 2021, only 29 percent of the people targeted for humanitarian assistance, have received some kind of assistance.